Instead, the debate has been shaped by media portrayals of drug use and reinforced by politicians and advocacy groups that supported them.
On November 5,the Compassionate Use Act passed with the approval of 56 percent of state voters, making California the first state to establish a legal framework for medical marijuana. Because the following key concepts underlie our discussion of medical marijuana, familiarizing yourself with them will help you make the most of your reading.
However, Anslinger began to capitalize on fears about marijuana while pressing a public relations campaign to encourage the passage of uniform anti-narcotics legislation in all 48 states.
Cannabis was also a common ingredient in turn-of-the-century patent medicines, over-the-counter concoctions brewed to proprietary formulas. Site Provides No Medical Advice This site is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services to you or to any other individual.
Unless the federal government takes steps to reschedule marijuana, or the states which have decriminalized the drug move to reverse such policies, the legality of medicinal marijuana will likely remain hard to define.
At the same time, it is important to recognize that science is but one aspect of the medical marijuana controversy. This book is divided into three parts, each of which offers a different perspective on marijuana as medicine.
Despite the regulations and restrictions, the prescription of marijuana for medical use remained legal untilwhen the federal government enacted the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act now know as the Federal Controlled Substance Act.
Medical marijuana advocates assert that patients usually obtain relief with smaller doses of the drug than would be used recreationally and that they rarely feel high when treating their symptoms with marijuana; however, no objective study has tested this claim.
This complaint, known as Conant v. Its use as an intoxicant was also commonplace from the s to the s. Federal Bureau of Narcotics now the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs sought to portray marijuana as a powerful, addicting substance that would lead users into narcotics addiction.
At its core, Proposition protects patients and their caregivers who cultivate, possess, or use marijuana for pre-approved medicinal purposes from state-level prosecution.
Most marijuana at that time came from Mexico, but in the Mexican government agreed to eradicate the crop by spraying it with the herbicide paraquat, raising fears of toxic side effects.
In popular culture, the drug has become accepted as harmless fun. Finally, although this is primarily a book about science, two chapters in Part III are devoted to related issues: But in the midst of this shift in public opinion and state law it is worth remembering the speed with which marijuana was made illegal.
Unlike alcohol, excessive pot smoking has not been unambiguously implicated in violent behavior or poor health. In Novemberthe voters of San Francisco passed a measure known as Proposition P, which urged state lawmakers to make marijuana available for medical use. Journalists, politicians, police, and middle-class readers had no similar familiarity with marijuana, allowing it to become the vessel for their worst fears: Then, between andtwenty-six states passed laws prohibiting the plant.
Whether the federal government decides to take these recommendations into account remains to be seen. Unfortunately, these skewed interpretations have frequently served as the main source of scientific information on the subject. The report was ultimately published by the Indiana University Press after narcotics agents convinced the original sponsor to drop funding.
Team members compared the effectiveness of using marijuana versus approved medicines to treat numerous specific disorders. These relatively permissive attitudes toward marijuana would, however, change dramatically in the beginning of the 20th century, as social reform movements attempted to eradicate the recreational use and abuse of marijuana and other substances such as alcohol, morphine, and opium.
The information provided in this site, or through linkages to other sites, is not medical advice and is not a substitute for medical or professional care. Cannabis, like opiates and cocainewas freely available at drug stores in liquid form and as a refined product, hashish.This month Stephen Siff looks at how political and racial factors combined with the way marijuana users were portrayed in the media to create the "illegalization" of marijuana across the 20th century.
Read chapter Introduction: Some people suffer from chronic, debilitating disorders for which no conventional treatment brings relief.
Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / In addition to providing an up-to-date review of the science behind the medical marijuana debate, Mack and Joy also answer common.
During hearings on marijuana law in the ’s, claims were made about marijuana’s ability to cause men of color to become violent and solicit sex from white women. This imagery became the backdrop for the Marijuana Tax Act of which effectively banned its use and sales. Medical marijuana is currently legal or soon-to-be legal in eighteen states, although these policies conflict with the federal government’s drug laws.
The current federal stance on marijuana also places strict limitations on its use in biomedical research. Legalization Of Marijuana Essay Examples. total results. Marijuana Should Be Legalized.
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