Ruling traditions were fewer, accumulations of land and wealth less striking, and the social hierarchy less rigid in the west. Roger Williams argued for the separation of church and state, and the right of privacy in religious belief, and against compulsory church service.
Moreover, Williams showed distinctly Separatist leanings, preaching that the Puritan church could not possibly achieve purity as long as it remained within the Church of England. Moreover, the governor had enormous patronage powers over the local agencies of government.
New Hampshire and Maine were originally proprietorships granted not by the king but the Council of New England. North Carolinawhich was largely cut off from the European and Caribbean trade by its unpromising coastline, developed into a colony of small to medium farms. In Virginia the slave population leaped from about 2, in to perhaps 23, in and reachedon the eve of the American Revolution.
Imperial organization British policy toward the American colonies was inevitably affected by the domestic politics of England ; since the politics of England in the 17th and 18th centuries were never wholly stable, it is not surprising that British colonial policy during those years never developed along clear and consistent lines.
Great quantities of cod were exported to the slave colonies in the West Indies. This fact, in combination with the tolerant and relatively egalitarian bent of the early Quaker settlers and the subsequent immigration of large numbers of Europeans, made the social and political structure of Pennsylvania more democratic but more faction-ridden than that of any other colony.
South Carolinawith close ties to both the Caribbean and Europeproduced rice and, afterindigo for a world market. As early asships built in the colony began trading with other colonies, England, and foreign ports in Europe.
Like the other colonies in the New England region, the cooler climate made it difficult for disease to thrive, unlike in the warmer Southern Colonies. Their near-total dependence upon the world tobacco price would ultimately prove disastrous, but for most of the 18th century Virginia and Maryland soil remained productive enough to make a single-crop system reasonably profitable.
Pennsylvaniain part because of the liberal policies of its founder, William Pennwas destined to become the most diversedynamicand prosperous of all the North American colonies.
Paul Revere made his famous ride to warn the locals in response to this march. Whitefield quickly attained a sort of celebrity status. The Granger Collection, New York When the Quakers purchased East Jersey, they also acquired the tract of land that was to become Delawarein order to protect their water route to Pennsylvania.
Massachusetts Bay was a theocratic society, or a society in which the lines between church and state were blurred.
Because damnation was just as terrible. Throughout the 17th century most of the immigrants were English; but, beginning in the second decade of the 18th century, a wave of Germans, principally from the Rhineland Palatinatearrived in America: Penn himself was a liberal, but by no means radical, English Whig.
The result was that the government began with a corporate organization that included a governor and deputy governor, a general court of its shareholders known as " freemen "and a council of assistants similar to a board of directors.
When these tendencies or any other hinting at deviation from orthodox Puritan doctrine developed, those holding them were either quickly corrected or expelled from the colony. Almost overnight, they founded a half dozen towns, setting up churches on the congregationalist pattern under the Reverend John Cotton.
Virginia had increased from about 54, in to approximatelyin Anne Hutchinson was another critic of clerical authority. Men such as John Winthropthe first governor of Massachusetts Bay, believed that it was the duty of the governors of society not to act as the direct representatives of their constituents but rather to decide, independently, what measures were in the best interests of the total society.Faith, Change, and Living for the Moment.
When Plymouth was absorbed into the new royal colony of Massachusetts inEnglish government reforms boosted the power and prestige of non-Puritans in the area, especially large landowners and merchants.
The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. The 13 original colonies were divided into three areas including the New England Colonies. Start studying Differences between New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In fact, the lack of royal control over the political and commercial activities of New England prompted the Board of Trade to overturn the Massachusetts Bay charter in and to consolidate Massachusetts, along with the other New England colonies and New York, into the Dominion of New England.
Notably, for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay and New England, disease was less of a problem than it was in the southern colonies. The cold winters limited travel, and the comparatively small farming communities that were established limited the spread of infection.
A large-scale Puritan migration began in with the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and spawned the settlement of other New England colonies. Friction with the natives erupted in the high-casualty King Philip's War in the s.Download